Chapter 2 7® Balance Sheet Presentation of Bond Discount Long Term Liabilities & Amortizing a Bond Discount

Where is the premium or discount on bonds payable presented on the balance sheet?

These Sources include White Papers, Government Information & Data, Original Reporting and Interviews from Industry Experts. Learn more about the standards we follow in producing Accurate, Unbiased and Researched Content in our editorial policy. The present value of the $1 table and the present value of an ordinary annuity table will be used to calculate the face value of the bond. The present value of $1 table and the present value of an ordinary annuity table will be used to calculate the face value of the bond. Harold Averkamp has worked as a university accounting instructor, accountant, and consultant for more than 25 years.

In most lease contracts, a periodic payment is made by the lessee and is recorded as rent expense. If both of these conditions are not met, then the company discloses the basic facts regarding the contingency in the notes to its financial statements. Long-term notes payable are similar to short-term interest-bearing notes payable except that the terms of the notes exceed one year.

What type of account is bonds discount?

A bond in accounting should also be recorded in assets and liabilities depending on whether the bond is issued at par, at premium, or at discount. When we issue a bond at a discount, remember we are selling the bond for less than it is worth or less than we are required to pay back. We always record Bond Payable at the amount we have to pay back which is the face value or principal amount of the bond.

What is the order of liabilities on a balance sheet?

On a balance sheet, liabilities are typically listed in order of shortest term to longest term, which at a glance, can help you understand what is due and when.

The net result is a total recognized amount of interest expense over the life of the bond that is greater than the amount of interest actually paid to investors. The amount recognized equates to the market rate of interest on the date when the bonds were sold. Understanding how bond premiums and discounts will be calculated and recognized on the financial statements will be critical to your understanding of this topic. Think of bonds as financial securities that are separate from its respective premium or discount amount.

What is B​onds Payable?

The profession’s preferred procedure to amortize discounts and premiums is the effective-interest method. This method computes the bond interest using the effective rate at which the bonds are issued. More specifically, interest cost Where is the premium or discount on bonds payable presented on the balance sheet? for each period is the effective interest rate multiplied by the carrying value of the bonds at the start of the period. The effective-interest method is best accomplished by preparing a Schedule of Bond Interest Amortization.

The extinguishment, or payment, of long-term liabilities can be a relatively straight­forward process which involves a debit to the liability account and a credit to cash. The process can also be a complicated one when the debt is extinguished prior to maturity. Under the effective-interest method, the amortization of bond discount or bond premium results in periodic interest expense equal to a constant percentage of the carrying value of the bonds. Although Discount on Bonds Payable has a debit balance, it is not an asset; it is a contra account, which is deducted from bonds payable on the balance sheet. You must also determine the amount of time that has passed since the bond’s issuance plus how much of the premium or discount has amortized. As discussed above we have seen how bonds payable are advantageous to both bond issuer and bond holder.

What type of account is unamortized bond premium?

This schedule provides the information necessary for each semiannual entry for interest and discount or premium amortization. The chapter includes an illustration of a Schedule of Bond Interest Amortization for both a discount and premium situation. My Video lectures about accounting for bonds issued at discount or premium, long term notes payable using effective interest rate for amortization can be found in my intermediate accounting course and CPA exam lessons. For bonds issued at a premium or discount, reporting coupon payments as cash outflow from operations is inappropriate. For example, if a bond is sold at a premium, part of the coupon payment is used to amortize the premium and reduce the principal, and therefore should be treated as a financing cash outflow. As a result, CFO is understated and CFF is overstated by the amortization amount of the bond’s premium. An unamortized bond discount is reported within a contra liability account in the balance sheet of the issuing entity.

Are premium on bonds payable Current liabilities?

Thus, bonds payable appear on the liability side of the company's balance sheet. Generally, bonds payable fall in the non-current class of liabilities. Bonds can be issued at a premium, at a discount, or at par. Their pricing depends on the difference between its coupon rate and the market yield on issuance.

The total interest expense on these bonds will be $10,754 rather than the $12,000 that will be paid in cash. The carrying value will continue to increase as the discount balance decreases with amortization. When the bond matures, the discount will be zero and the bond’s carrying value will be the same as its principal amount. The discount amortized for the last payment may be slightly different based on rounding. See Table 1 for interest expense calculated using the straight‐line method of amortization and carrying value calculations over the life of the bond. At maturity, the entry to record the principal payment is shown in the General Journal entry that follows Table 1. A contra liability account containing the amount of discount on bonds payable that has not yet been amortized to interest expense.

Definition of Premium or Discount on Bonds Payable

Lighting Process, Inc. issues $10,000 ten‐year bonds, with a coupon interest rate of 9% and semiannual interest payments payable on June 30 and Dec. 31, issued on July 1 when the market interest rate is 10%. The entry to record the issuance of the bonds increases cash for the $9,377 received, increases discount on bonds payable for $623, and increases bonds payable for the $10,000 maturity amount.

Where is the premium or discount on bonds payable presented on the balance sheet?

The important issues related to the long-term debt should always be disclosed in the financial statements or the notes there to. Bonds payable is a liability account that comprises the amount that the issuer has to pay to the bondholders. It usually appears within the long-term liabilities portion of the balance sheet, as bonds payable generally mature after one year. An analyst or accountant can also create an amortization schedule for the bonds payable. This schedule will lay out the premium or discount, and show changes to it every period coupon payments are due.

The time period over which discounts and premiums are amortized is equal to the period of time the bonds are outstanding . Bonds and bonds payable are most frequently classified as long-term liabilities on the balance sheet.